COMMON SKIN CONDITIONS
At Coco Skin Laser Health we offer comprehensive solutions for both medical and cosmetic concerns. Below you can find information about some common skin conditions and search for suitable treatments to resolve your skin issues. If you would like to discuss treatment options with one of our experienced medical practitioners, please call 49278088 or send us an enquiry using the form here.
Rosacea is a chronic skin condition characterised by facial redness, small dilated blood vessels on the nose, cheeks, chin and sometimes forehead. The skin can also break out into pustules, papules and swelling. Rosacea is usually hereditary but other triggers may include stress, hot spicy foods, alcohol, caffeine and strenuous exercise. The treatment for rosacea may include broadband light therapy, vascular laser, topical retinoids, sun protection and avoidance of certain foods.
Scarring is a manifestation of the skin’s healing process. After skin or tissue is wounded, the body releases collagen to mend the damage. Collagen, a protein, reattaches the damaged skin. As the wound heals a temporary crust forms and covers it. The crust is a scab that protects the damaged area.
Causes of scars include cuts, sores, surgery, and burns. Severe acne and chicken pox may also cause scarring within the skin. The degree that the skin scars depends on more than the size and depth of the wound. Age also affects the process, the healing process is stronger in younger skin. This results in scars that are thicker than those of older people. Other factors affecting the type of scar are ethnicity, heredity, and the location of the injury.
Pigmentation is characterised by increase amounts of melanin on the skins surface, resulting in a dull or spotty appearance. This can appear on the face or body. Pigmentation can incorporate lesions such as freckles, sun spots, solar lentigos, melasma and post inflammatory hyperpigmentation and can be characterised by both superficial and deeper lesions. Most pigmentation is exacerbated by sun exposure, therefore caution when being exposed to the sun will reduce the likelihood of creating new spots. Pigmentation can be removed using many different modalities including light and laser as well as some topical therapies. When pigmentation is removed from the skins surface the skin appears more luminous and youthful.
Melasma is a skin disorder that results in an often symmetrical, blotchy, or mask like brown facial pigmentation. It generally is most prevalent in ladies between the ages of 20-40 and can begin during pregnancy or upon commencement of the oral contraceptive pill.
The causes of melasma can be complex and varied. Genetics may play a role in the development of melasma but other triggers include sun exposure, pregnancy, hormone treatments and some medications. A combination of laser and light treatment may help melasma as well as topical whitening creams.
Acne is a very common skin disease and is generally most prevalent in people from the age of puberty into the mid twenties and thirties. It occurs when there is an excess production of oil and the sebaceous glands become blocked resulting in a bacterial build up in the skin. The severity and the causes of acnes are many and varied and thus so are the treatment options for each individual. Acne can be physically painful and concerning for a person and also sometimes psychologically damaging.
Unwanted hair on the face or body is a common problem for many people, affecting both men and women. Whether on the face or body, laser and light therapy can be used to cause permanent hair reduction. The type of device and the method used may vary depending on the location, thickness and skin type of the person being treated. Women who suffer from olycystic ovary syndrome and experience excessive hair growth will also respond to hair reduction techniques but may require more treatments.
SUN DAMAGE / SUN SPOTS
Depending on one’s level of exposure to the sun, skin type, age and other factors, Ultra Violet Rays can have detrimental effects on the skin. Initially the symptoms of sun damage present as undesirable cosmetic changes in the skin such as premature aging in the form of wrinkles, discolouration, redness, pigmentation, loss of elasticity and overall textural changes to the skin. In addition to these undesired cosmetic changes the actual structure of the skin becomes damaged by the UV radiation and this effects the skins immune system and may lead to skin cancer. In addition to sun protection, laser, light and topical therapies can help to prevent premature aging and rejuvenate the skins structure otherwise damaged by the sun.
Wrinkles, a natural part of ageing, are most prominent on sun-exposed skin such as the face, neck, hands and forearms.
Although genetics mainly determine skin structure and texture sun exposure is a major cause of wrinkles, especially for fair-skinned people. Other factors such as pollutants and smoking also contribute to wrinkling.
Dry skin is characterised by a lack of moisture in the stratum corneum resulting in tightness and even flaking. The skin may appear dull, especially on the cheeks and around the eyes and may lack elasticity, with accentuated fine lines and wrinkles. In more severe cases itching and burning may occur. Extremely dry skin shows signs of cracking and fissuring.
Dry skin can be genetically determined or triggered by factors such as climate, cosmetics and medications. It can be a natural consequence of the ageing process as sebum production slows down.
Oily skin is characterised by an increased amount of lipids on the skin surface due to overactive sebaceous glands. The skin is shiny and thick often with enlarged pores. Oily skin is prone to blackheads and other blemishes. It occurs more often in men than in women and it predominantly affects adolescents and younger persons.
The three main contributing factors to enlarged pores include oily skin, age and gender. Our bodies produce sebum which is an oily substance used to waterproof the skin and prevent it from drying out. People who tend to have naturally oily skin tend to have larger pores. This happens due to the oil collecting in the skin, which swells and causes the pores to look larger.
As we get older the skin loses its elasticity which can cause the pores to appear even larger. Sun damage which typically occurs more as we age, can also affect the appearance of pores. Sun damage thickens the epidermis causing skin cells to collect around the edges of the pores making them look enlarged. Males tend to have larger pores than females. Women may experience changes in skin texture during hormonal changes, particularly during menstruation.
The term cellulite refers to the dimpled appearance of the skin that some people have on their hips, thighs, and buttocks. This appearance is much more common in women than in men because of differences in the way fat, muscle, and connective tissue are distributed in men and women’s skin. The lumpiness of cellulite is caused by fat deposits that push and distort the connective tissues beneath skin, leading to the characteristic changes in appearance of the skin.
Blackheads are the result of a skin condition where the pores become blocked and an excess production of sebum (oil) combines with dead skin cells to form a plug in the pore. Blackheads are considered a feature of acne and have been linked to hormonal changes, particularly those that occur during puberty. Treatments of blackheads generally requires a combination of a good skin care regime, enzyme reactivation treatments and laser facials.
BOOK YOUR CONSULTATION TODAY!
Book an appointment with one of our experienced team to explore your treatment options further.